Greece A country of southeast Europe on the southern Balkan Peninsula and including numerous islands in the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian Seas. Menu. Athena definition, the virgin deity of the ancient Greeks worshiped as the goddess of wisdom, fertility, the useful arts, and prudent warfare. In Greek mythology, Athena is the name of the daughter of Zeus who was the goddess of wisdom, warfare, handicrafts, mathematics, and courage, among others. What does athens mean? According to Greek mythology, the city of Athens owes its name to goddess Athena. ... Athens, Athinai, capital of Greece, Greek capital (noun) the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess) "in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world's most powerful and civilized city" It came under Roman rule in 146 BC and fell to the Goths in AD 267. See more. 0. Dictionary Thesaurus ... Capital of Greece, in the SE part: became established as the center of Greek culture in the 5th cent. These terms were also used as nicknames for people who had spent time in Athens and liked to show off their worldliness. Athens Name Meaning. NAS Exhaustive Concordance. Americanized form of Greek Atheneos ‘Athenian’ or Athenakis, habitational name for someone from the city of Athens. Greek name Athínai A flourishing city state of ancient Greece, Athens was an important cultural centre in the 5th century BC. Definition of athens in the Definitions.net dictionary. Americanized form of surnamed based on the Greek personal name Athanasios (see Athanas). Athena definition: a virgin goddess of wisdom , practical skills, and prudent warfare . Definition: Athens, capital of Attica in Greece Usage: Athens, the intellectual capital of Greece. Athens (/ ˈ æ θ ɪ n z / ATH-inz; Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína (); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) Meaning of athens. Learn more. 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