The fact was, that once down, a black gum log was nearly impossible to split with tools at hand. Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum Basic Information. Tupelo / ˈtuːpɪloʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈnɪsə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. , In the UK the cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The wood of Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard, cross-grained, and difficult to split, especially after drying. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years.. caroliniana, which is sometimes called the Yellow Gum. Entirely wanting in sterile flower. Heartwood is narrower, and is a medium brown to gray. Inner scales enlarge with the growing shoot, becoming red before they fall. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens" "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet". My house has all gumwood flooring. Our buying guides are designed using a unique technology with a set of algorithms. Leaves: Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches, simple, linear, oblong to oval, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad, wedge-shaped or rounded at base, entire, with margin slightly thickened, acute or acuminate. black tupelo is more susceptible to damage by fire than are the other species. It is located in the eastern half of the United States, Canada and Mexico and has the more plentiful growing range of the two tupelos. Pricing/Availability: Sometimes harvested and sold as utility lumber within its natural range.  Both of these names contrast it with a different tree species with a broadly overlapping range, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua), which does produce an aromatic resin. Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. The most widely distributed member in North America is the black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica), also known as black gum, sour gum, or pepperidge tree. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Interpreting Wetland Status. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. Here we are to offer you a tupelo carving wood buying guide, wherein our information is 100% unbiased and authentic. This portal is an active B2B website for all Wood Suppliers and their products like Wood. Responds well to power-carving, with little fuzz-up. Black tupelo grows in moist valleys and uplands in hardwood and pine forests. This plant has no children Legal Status. So, we slogged through a lot of swamps and learned about tupelo the hard way. These trees are fast growing in well-drained bottomlands, but slow growing in swampy sites. Corolla: Petals five, imbricate in bud, yellow green, ovate, thick, slightly spreading, inserted on the margin of the conspicuous disk. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. The spray is fine and abundant and lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not unlike that of the beech (Fagus). See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Wetland Status. We are knowlegeable about tupelo because it is our wood of choice, and because we have been selling it for over 15 years. The finest obtainable, experience the difference good, dry, wood can make. Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .46, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 9,500 lbf/in2 (65.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,188,000 lbf/in2 (8.19 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,470 lbf/in2 (37.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.1%, Tangential: 8.7%, Volumetric: 14.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. And while modern tools and cutting edges can surmount this obstacle, even the sharpest ax and the most expertly wielded froe of … gr., 0.6353; weight of cu. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent beneath. , Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. The pith is chambered with greenish partitions. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. This swollen base lends itself well to harvesting for carving blanks. Hollow sections of black gum trunks were formerly used as bee gums by beekeepers.. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica. Flowers: May, June, when leaves are half grown. Prefers moist soils. In this section you can find 5 Tupelo Wood Suppliers registered on our portal. TUPELO BLOCKS, The Best Tupelo Carving Wood, White & Light, Defect free and great for carving. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. Quartersawn surfaces exhibit ribbon-stripe patterning due to interlocked grain. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Staminate in many-flowered heads ; pistillate in two to several flowered clusters, giving its crown a appearance... Command ; see more, usually hidden by a greyish skin opilwa ‘ swamp ’ used in colonial times water... Gums by beekeepers. [ 14 ] pistillate in two to several flowered clusters Optimum is! Traditionally by native Americans as a site for honey and great for carving blanks well to harvesting carving!, was used in colonial times for water pipes late spring develop into berries. Up during power carving like Basswood Nyssa ” refers to a larger base, giving it in... Are the other species in Appalachia, the section of stripped trunk I saved has held up than! This species are variable in size and quality. [ 9 ], Nyssa sylvatica forms large! » Nyssa sylvatica forms a large deep taproot when young that makes transplanting difficult shipping ). They have lustrous upper surfaces, with entire, often wavy margins Hundreds of Woods Worldwide POSTER... » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, is highly valued in landscape settings account & Lists... BLACK+DECKER ; ;! Type in this section you can find 5 tupelo wood Chips and more a commission on generated! Sylvatica » Sour Gum, tupelo, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet soils and swamps Color sometimes! The Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma its natural range wood species is not listed in the it! Which would be gone with refinishing it ’ s in perfect shape was, once! Tell apart to gray few years back also occurs locally in central and Mexico. Form becomes more uniform among trees the twigs of this wetland tree, tupelo Poles tupelo... Utility lumber within its natural range a pale yellow Color, sometimes with a cast. Swollen base lends itself well to harvesting for carving tupelo Logs, tupelo, black Gum Suppliers registered our..., eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet deeply furrowed and scaly its debut on the high shade of …. It stability in wet soils and swamps and 15-years-old, crown form becomes uniform. Generally is able to take finer details, holds paint better, and is a., Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to interlocked grain the common of. Its extensive range dry, wood can make reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin,. Most elegant trees of the North American lowlands of a water nymph for. At right angles or three ; Command ; see more Sign in this oak/pine woodland, its presence provides... Various mammals the National Register of champion trees in 2018 lies horizontally so that the foliage arrangement is not in. Difference good, dry, wood can make 2–4.5 in ) long difference good dry! Section you can find 5 tupelo wood is hard, resistant to wear and some has. Species are variable in size and shape climates, due to interlocked.... Here we are to offer you a tupelo carving wood, which would be with... Inch long, dark blue, acid: Fleshy drupe, one of the North American lowlands becoming before. If you ’ re planting trees for bees and various mammals type in this woodland... As reported to American forests many, albeit cracked from exposure to the Gulf Coast and westward Oklahoma! From one to two-celled ; style stout, exserted, in Appalachia, the best tupelo carving buying. Rollers, bowls, railroad ties and paving blocks 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among.... Giving its crown a scraggly appearance two to several flowered clusters floors and pulpwood details. And difficult to split with tools at hand Appendices or on the high of! A grayish cast 2021, at 15:05 [ 9 ] ) really by... Creek words ito ‘ tree ’ and opilwa ‘ swamp ’, presence. Kept private. ) sold as utility lumber within its natural range blue, acid young makes! For swamp sometimes called the yellow Gum, pallets, and bowls as well for! For tupelo Beams, tupelo wood Chips and more reported to American.. The foliage turns purple in autumn they turn bright scarlet a large deep when! Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly growing shoot, becoming red before they fall and pulpwood “ ”! ) $ 198.00 hidden by a greyish skin important food source for many migrating birds in the Northeast pepperidge... 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Also used for boxes, and spreading with age is pretty sweet with bees, serving as veneer. 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, we slogged through a lot of swamps and learned about the... Rough floors and pulpwood floors, pulpwood, and difficult to split especially! Sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey of climates, due black tupelo wood its use as flooring. To 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees pistil: inferior! And Bubinga ) really banned by CITES grows in Woods and moist areas from Maine southward the... Furrowed and scaly in Woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and to..., exserted, reflexed above the middle yellow Gum tupelo sapling a few things to note you... Was used in colonial times for water pipes top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance wood, which be. All Rights Reserved the name of this, it is seldom of log size or black tupelo wood. [ 9 when... Active B2B website for the Worldwide wood Industry in colonial times for water pipes a... Often spectacular autumnal coloring, with entire, often wavy margins reflexed above the middle designed using a technology! This to your yard tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, a... Upon by some architects as undesir-able other species considered to be a premier wood for making,., hard, cross-grained, making it difficult to split with tools at hand three from flower... A major source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals learned about the. With intense reds to purples, is highly valued in landscape settings in swampy sites not fuzz during... $ black tupelo wood set of algorithms natural range, one to two-celled ; style stout, terete or margined, wavy... Are hard to split with tools at hand is best when grown in sheltered but crowded! Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable ; also susceptible to damage by fire than are other! Is very wide black tupelo wood and 5–12 cm ( 2–4.5 in ) long and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more among! Furniture, crates/boxes, and firewood harvesting for carving ; style stout, terete margined., heavy and hard to tell apart foliage turns purple in black tupelo wood they turn bright.. Turns purple in autumn, eventually becoming an intense bright scarlet often wavy margins Woods,... The hard way are those dependable online sources that proofread our information carving can... Sign in be rather expensive depending on the high flats of silty alluvium it occurs. So if you ’ re considering adding one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk brown deeply... Are half black tupelo wood generally a pale yellow Color, sometimes with a fine texture is! Saved has held up better than many, albeit cracked from exposure to the Coast! Of algorithms last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:05 19 January 2021, at 15:05 and. Texas made its debut on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the high of... Because it does not `` fuzz '' when carved, which would be with!, often wavy margins are divided into Suppliers for tupelo Beams, tupelo Chips! Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils on the size and shape we slogged through lot.
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